Wisdom Teeth & Surgical Extractions
What to Expect?
Wisdom tooth extraction is a surgical procedure to remove one or more wisdom teeth — the four permanent adult teeth located at the back corners of your mouth on the top and bottom.
If a wisdom tooth doesn’t have room to grow (impacted wisdom tooth), resulting in pain, infection or other dental problems, you’ll likely need to have it pulled. These procedures are performed by a dentist or an oral surgeon of your choice.
To prevent potential future problems, some dentists and oral surgeons recommend wisdom tooth extraction even if impacted teeth aren’t currently causing problems.
Why it’s done
Wisdom teeth, or third molars, are the last permanent teeth to appear (erupt) in the mouth. These teeth usually look between the ages of 17 and 25. Some people never develop wisdom teeth. For others, wisdom teeth erupt normally—just as their other molars did—and cause no problems.
Many people develop impacted wisdom teeth—that don’t have enough room to erupt into the mouth or grow normally. Impacted wisdom teeth may erupt only partially or not at all.
An impacted wisdom tooth may:
- Grow at an angle toward the next tooth (second molar)
- Grow at an angle toward the back of the mouth
- Grow at a right angle to the other teeth, as if the wisdom tooth is “lying down” within the jawbone
- Grow straight up or down like other teeth but stay trapped within the jawbone