Get Your TMJ Disorder Diagnosed and Treated on This Easter
The joint of the temporomandibular couples a hinge action with gliding motions. The parts of the bone that socialize in the joint are covered with cartilage and kept apart by a tiny shock-absorbing disk which in most cases keeps the movement smooth. If you have a problem with temporomandibular disorders you should be meeting your dentist or doctor to have the problem treated by this Easter rather than suffer from the pain in silence.
You will be affected by painful disorders of the temporomandibular joint when:
- The disk moves out of its proper alignment or erodes.
- The cartilage of the joint is damaged by arthritis.
- Damages to the joint are caused by a blow or an impact.
However, in many cases, the causes for this disorder are not clear but you will need to seek TMJ treatment from a doctor or dentist if you have persistent pain and tenderness in your jaw or have difficulties opening and closing your jaw completely. Your dentist or doctor or a TMJ specialist can discuss the causes and the treatments for your problem.
What Are the Risk Factors Affecting Temporomandibular Disorders
Various factors that may increase the risk of developing TMJ disorders include the following:
- Distinctive classes of arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
- Injuries to the jaw.
- Long-term chronic bruxism (clenching and grinding of the teeth).
- Connective tissue diseases of certain kinds causing problems that are affecting the temporomandibular joint.
How Is This Disorder Diagnosed?
Your dentist or doctor will initially discuss your symptoms and examine your jaw. He or she will probably:
- Feel your jaw and listen to it when you open and close your mouth.
- Notice the range of motion of your jaw.
- Press on areas around your jaw to identify sites of discomfort and pain.
If any problem is suspected you may be recommended to provide:
- Dental x-rays for examining your teeth and jaw.
- A CT scan to provide a detailed image of the bones involved in the joint.
- An MRI scan may reveal problems with the disk of the joint or the surrounding soft tissue.
When diagnosing a TMJ disorder TMJ arthroscopy is also used at times. The doctor will be inserting a small thin tube during the TMJ arthroscopy into the space of the joint along with a small camera to view the area for help to determine diagnoses.
The Treatment for TMJ Disorders
Some TMJ disorders disappear by themselves without treatment but if your symptoms persist will be recommended different treatment options some of which may be combined with other treatments as well. The treatments recommended would be:
Besides nonsurgical treatments, the following medications can help to relieve the pain associated with TMJ disorders. They are:
- Pain relievers and anti-inflammatories. If you cannot find relief from over-the-counter pain medications for TMJ treatment your dentist may prescribe stronger pain delivers for a short time like prescription-strength ibuprofen.
- Tricyclic antidepressants. These medications are commonly used for depression in low doses but can also be used for pain relief, sleeplessness, and bruxism.
- Muscle relaxants may be recommended to be used for a few days or weeks to find relief from the pain caused by temporomandibular disorders that are created by muscle spasms.
TMJ disorders can also be treated by nondrug therapies which may include:
- Oral splints or mouth guards because these appliances can often provide people with jaw pain some benefit by wearing a soft firm device inserted over their teeth. However, it hasn’t been understood why these devices are beneficial for people with temporomandibular disorders.
- Physical therapy could include exercises to strengthen jaw muscles and may combine ultrasound, moist heat, and ice.
- Counseling and education can help patients to understand the factors and behaviors that can exaggerate the pain from TMJ disorders and teeth them methods to avoid the behaviors. Some examples include grinding and clenching of the teeth, leaning on the chin, and biting fingernails.
As it can be seen that it is not difficult to obtain TMJ treatment if you are suffering from pain in the jaw joints and are unable to figure out how to overcome the same. You can schedule an appointment with Dr. Shamim Cyrus at Dental Now 14 to get your problem diagnosed and treated on Easter to get rid of the temporomandibular disorder.